- What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?
- Which body fluid is considered to be most potentially infectious?
- Which body secretions do not spread?
- What are the 4 major body fluids?
- What are the 3 universal precautions?
- What percentage of the human body is liquid?
- Are all body fluids considered infectious?
- What is the first thing that an employee should do if exposed to blood?
- What should you do if you are exposed to blood or body fluids?
- What are the 10 standard precautions?
- Does saliva count as bodily fluid?
- What is the normal body fluid?
- What percentage of body fluid is blood?
- What is not considered an infectious body fluid under universal precautions?
- What are 3 bodily fluids that are infectious?
- What is classed as bodily fluids?
- What are the five universal precautions?
- Is poop considered a bodily fluid?
What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items….
Which body fluid is considered to be most potentially infectious?
These substances are considered potentially infectious for an occupational exposure:blood.cerebrospinal fluid.synovial fluid.pleural fluid.peritoneal fluid.pericardial fluid.amniotic fluid.any body fluid visibly contaminated with blood.More items…
Which body secretions do not spread?
An infected person’s saliva, sweat, and tears do not put you at risk. Helping an injured person with HIV. Wearing gloves while doing so is ideal; but even if the person’s blood comes into contact with your intact skin, you should not worry.
What are the 4 major body fluids?
A short list of bodily fluids includes:Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.
What are the 3 universal precautions?
Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.
What percentage of the human body is liquid?
Up to 60% of the human adult body is water. According to H.H. Mitchell, Journal of Biological Chemistry 158, the brain and heart are composed of 73% water, and the lungs are about 83% water. The skin contains 64% water, muscles and kidneys are 79%, and even the bones are watery: 31%.
Are all body fluids considered infectious?
Other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) means: (1) The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body …
What is the first thing that an employee should do if exposed to blood?
Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to nose, mouth, or skin with water. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile wash. Report all exposures promptly to ensure that you receive appropriate followup care.
What should you do if you are exposed to blood or body fluids?
Wash the area with warm water and soap. If you are splashed with blood or body fluids and your skin has an open wound, healing sore, or scratch, wash the area well with soap and water. If you are splashed in the eyes, nose or mouth, rinse well with water. If you have been bitten, wash the wound with soap and water.
What are the 10 standard precautions?
Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…
Does saliva count as bodily fluid?
Body fluids are considered to be the interstitial fluids, saliva, tears, and gastric juices. They moisten the tissues, muscles, body organs and skin.
What is the normal body fluid?
In lean healthy adult men, the total body water is about 60% (60–67%) of the total body weight; it is usually slightly lower in women. The exact percentage of fluid relative to body weight is inversely proportional to the percentage of body fat.
What percentage of body fluid is blood?
Normal plasma is 93% water and 7% proteins and lipids. Total blood volume (TBV) is only a small portion of the ECF, and arterial volume is only 15% of TBV. Although arterial volume is small, its integrity is most important for maintaining the effective circulation and preventing abnormalities of water balance (Fig.
What is not considered an infectious body fluid under universal precautions?
Body Fluids to Which Universal Precautions Do Not Apply Universal precautions do not apply to feces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus unless they contain visible blood. The risk of transmission of HIV and HBV from these fluids and materials is extremely low or nonexistent.
What are 3 bodily fluids that are infectious?
Potentially infectious blood and body fluids includefluids containing visible blood.semen.vaginal secretions.cerebrospinal fluid.synovial fluid, pleural fluid.peritoneal fluid.pericardial fluid.amniotic fluid.More items…•
What is classed as bodily fluids?
Body fluids are liquids originating from inside the bodies of living humans. They include fluids that are excreted or secreted from the body. Human blood, body fluids, and other body tissues are widely recognised as vehicles for the transmission of human disease.
What are the five universal precautions?
5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.
Is poop considered a bodily fluid?
* Includes human blood, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, tissue, and organs. Also includes any other human body fluid (urine, feces, nasal secretions, vomitus, etc.)